
Objectives (Grade 4)
 Number and Number Sense
 4.1 The student will
 identify, orally and in writing, the place value for
each digit in a whole number expressed through millions;
 compare two whole numbers, expressed through millions,
using symbols ( >, <, or = ); and
 round whole numbers expressed through millions to
the nearest thousand, ten thousand, and hundred thousand.
 4.2 The student will identify and represent equivalent fractions
and relate fractions to decimals, using concrete
objects.
 4.3 The student will compare the numerical value of fractions
having denominators of 12 or less.
 4.4 The student will read, write, represent, and identify
decimals expressed through thousandths, and round to
the nearest tenth and hundredth, using concrete materials,
drawings, calculators, and symbols.
 Computation and Estimation
 4.5 The student will create and solve problems involving
addition and subtraction of money amounts using various
computational methods, including calculators, paper
and pencil, mental computation, and estimation.
 4.6 The student will estimate wholenumber sums and differences
and describe the method of estimation. Students
will refine estimates, using terms such as closer
to, between, and a little more than.
 4.7 The student will add and subtract whole numbers written
in vertical and horizontal form, choosing appropriately
between paper and pencil methods and calculators.
 4.8 The student will find the product of two whole numbers
when one factor has two digits or less and the
other factor has three digits or less, using estimation
and paper and pencil. For larger products (a twodigit
numeral times a threedigit numeral), estimation and
calculators will be used.
 4.9 The student will estimate and find the quotient of two
whole numbers given a onedigit divisor.
 4.10 The student will
 add and subtract with fractions having like and unlike
denominators of 12 or less and with decimals
through thousandths, using concrete materials and
paper and pencil; and
 solve problems involving addition and subtraction
with fractions having like and unlike denominators
of 12 or less and decimals expressed through thousandths.
 Measurement
 4.11 The student will
 estimate and measure weight/mass using actual measuring
devices and express the results in both metric
and U.S. Customary units, including ounces, pounds,
grams, and kilograms; and
 estimate the conversion of ounces and grams and
pounds and kilograms, using approximate comparisons
(1 ounce is about 28 grams, or 1 gram is about
the weight of a paper clip; 1 kilogram is a little more
than 2 pounds).*
* The intent of this standard is for students to make
“ballpark” comparisons and not to memorize conversion
factors between U.S. and metric units.
 4.12 The student will
 estimate and measure length using actual measuring
devices and describe the results in both metric and
U.S. Customary units, including part of an inch (1/
2, 1/4, and 1/8), inches, feet, yards, millimeters, centimeters,
and meters; and
 estimate the conversion of inches and centimeters,
yards and meters, and miles and kilometers, using
approximate comparisons (1 inch is about 2.5 centimeters,
1 meter is a little longer than 1 yard, 1 mile
is slightly farther than 1.5 kilometers, or 1 kilometer
is slightly farther than half a mile).*
* The intent of this standard is for students to make
“ballpark” comparisons and not to memorize conversion
factors between U.S. and metric units.
 4.13 The student will
 estimate and measure liquid volume using actual
measuring devices and using metric and U.S. Customary
units, including cups, pints, quarts, gallons,
milliliters, and liters; and
 estimate the conversion of quarts and liters, using
approximate comparisons (1 quart is a little less than
1 liter, 1 liter is a little more than 1 quart).*
* The intent of this standard is for students to make
“ballpark” comparisons and not to memorize conversion
factors between U.S. and metric units.
 4.14 The student will identify and describe situations representing
the use of perimeter and will use measuring
devices to find perimeter in both standard and nonstandard
units of measure.
 Geometry
 4.15 The student will investigate and describe the relationships
between and among points, lines, line segments,
and rays.
 4.16 The student will identify and draw representations of
points, lines, line segments, rays, and angles, using a
straightedge or ruler.
 4.17 The student will identify lines which illustrate intersection,
parallelism, and perpendicularity.
 Probability and Statistics
 4.18 The student will determine the probability of a given
simple event, using concrete materials.
 4.19 The student will collect, organize, and display data in
line and bar graphs with scale increments of one or
greater than one.
 Patterns, Functions, and Algebra
 4.20 The student will identify and locate missing whole
numbers on a given number line.
 4.21 The student will extend a given pattern, using concrete
materials and tables.
 4.22 The student will solve problems involving pattern identification
and completion of patterns.
